Graubünden: History & Tradition

Between 1524 and 1798, the present-day Canton of Graubünden was known as the Free State of the Three Leagues, an alliance between the League of God's House, the Grey League and the League of the Ten Jurisdictions. The free state had the status of "perpetual ally" of the Swiss Confederacy. As the Canton of Raetia, it formed part of the Helvetic Republic between 1798 and 1803. Then came the Act of Mediation of 1803, by which the Canton joined the Confederation.


The Canton of Graubünden is the only trilingual canton of Switzerland. Apart from German and Rhaeto-Romansh, Italian is also spoken, especially in the region of Valposchiavo, Misox (Val Mesolcina), Val Calancal and Bergell (Val Bregaglia). Rhaeto-Romanic or Romansh was first recognized as an official language in 1996.


GR history


Tradition – Chalandamarz

This old custom takes place on 1 March each year. The village children process through the streets, singing and ringing bells to drive away the evil spirits of winter. Chalandamarz derives from the ancient Roman rite of Calendae Mariis, which marked the beginning of the Roman year.



GR history


Culinary tradition


Capuns is one of the traditional recipes of Graubünden peasant cooking. It is best described as a kind of herb dumpling. The main ingredient is a kind of salted dough, flavoured with Salsiz sausage and herbs. This is then wrapped in a chard leaf to form a small parcel. The parcels are then boiled in bouillon for around 20 minutes until the pasta is cooked.



Print recipe


Traditional products

  • Salsiz 
  • Bündnerfleisch 
  • Churer Röteli 
  • Bündner Birnenbrot

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